Background


The Sudanese government has adopted the Health for All .
Health is one of the key multifaceted parameter of human development.
In reference to Sudan House Hold Survey (SHHS) 2010 showed relative poor indicators for Sudan and states of Darfur showed the worst indicators in the country e.g, South Darfur state topped the list of maternal mortality followed by  West Darfur and  then Al Gadarif .


Health & nomads


The nomadic lifestyle of Pastoralists makes them extremely vulnerable to exclusion from basic services such as health. Existing health care provisions in Sudan are predominately focused on settled populations. Besides questions of equity, and their demographic importance, the fact that nomadic people can contribute to the economic development of the country is another good reason to take them into account for the planning and delivery of services.


Diseases out break


Recurrent out breaks of communicable diseases have been observed in some states due to increased population movement, inadequate access to water and sanitation and limited access to preventive and curative health services. In last three years different out breaks were detected in different locations as meningitis, measles, whooping cough, yellow fever…etc.


Health Objectives


Al Massar assigns a special priority to health, because of the limited access of nomads to such services.  Accordingly, Al Massar has the following objectives regarding health:


1)  Assessment of social, economic, ecological and cultural situation of nomadic societies.
2)  Improvement of the provision of health services to nomads.
3)  Innovative, sustainable and cost-efficient solutions for health care delivery in areas with a low population density.
4)  Participation of nomads in the establishment of basic services.
5)  Strengthening of networks and collaborations of private and public, profit-making and charitable, as well as university and development institutions.
6)  Health education and awareness campaigns, especially FGM & HIV/AIDs.
7)  "One Health “, the interface between human and animal health in
Nomadic communities.
 Currently very few ideas exist about how health services can best be provided for
Nomadic populations. The concept of "One Medicine" elaborated by Calvin
Schwab, may be a point of departure. This postulates that within nomadic
Societies the health of humans cannot be separated from the health of their animals.

Health Achievement

  • Nomads have been included among the target groups of the strategic plan since 2006.
  • Provision of reproductive health care programmers for more than 20000 nomad women.
  • Provision of Mental Health services for 1000 war affected women & children.
  • TOT in veterinary assistance to serve the nomads.
  • Trained veterinary and  medical assistants to serve the nomad community.
  • Built 14 health centers and 4 mobile clinics.
  • Rehabilitated more than 3 centers for the nomads.
  • First organization to introduce vaccination for Nomads and their cattle.
  • Health awareness sessions for nomadic women in the 5 states of Darfur.
  • Diagnoses and treatment of schistosomiasis for nomads’ children in Eastern Darfur State.
  • Organized campaigns for diagnosis and treatment of endemic diseases in nomad’s communities.
  • Created a partnership with Nomadic Development Council and Zain Communication Company to offer health and counseling services for nomad’s communities.
  • Supported production of Radio programs addressing health care and women health issues for the Nomads women community.