Woman & Child
Women and Children represent one of the most vulnerable groups in nomadic society, For this reasons they have been given special consideration in the Strategic Work Plan 2013-2017.
The high population growth rate of Sudan means that sizeable sections of society are children. Darfur region has a one of the highest population growth rates outside of the Nile states and Khartoum.
Children under 15 years of age account for 46.04% of the total population of N.Darfur, 45.19% in S. Darfur and 45.79% in W. Darfur. (CBS: Population data sheet) Children have a critical role in nomadic communities. From an early age they play an active role in the maintaining the transitory lifestyle of nomads.
Children are often given responsibility for tending to livestock, collection of firewood & water. According to available statistics about 1.43 million children and youth (21.6% of all economically active population) in northern Sudan were economically active .Working children of the state’s children are highest in Darfur (45.9%), then Kordofan (35%), but only 10% in Khartoum .
Nomadic tribes are characterized by the seasonal movement of people and animals in the search of water and grazing. Women play a major role in maintaining this lifestyle, with responsibilities ranging from household affairs to the tending of animals. Their role has always been traditionally inferior to that of men, although they shoulder a major part of the daily work. Nomadic men, have historically only valued women in terms of their reproductive ability and their role in the home.
The patriarchal structure and ideologies inherent in Nomadic communities have resulted in gender inequality and subordination. Women lag behind their men in all the major indicators of social and human development. Women’s health, nutritional and educational levels are significantly lower than those of men. Nomadic women are home-makers but not home owners. She is also a farmer or animal herder but does not own any land or livestock. She grows food, but has no control over it.
Women & Child Objectives
Al Massar has the following objectives regarding Women and Children: To identify and understand the current issues affecting nomadic women and children.
- To increase the position of women & children in nomadic society.
- To reduce Traditional Harmful Practices (FGM).
- To foster "Safe Motherhood" practices.
- Convention on the Rights of Children (CRC).
Women & Child Achievements
o Trained 250 persons in small generating income projects.
o Trained 5000 nomadic women to produce and use efficient fuel stoves.
o Trained 350 nomadic men to collect almost extinct seeds, plant and use them as food.
o Trained 50 nomadic women in cheese industry .
o Rehabilitated pasturelands through opening fire lines and seeds dispersal.
o Organized workshops for 75 nomadic women to sell milk.